Learning Theories Reflection
As I furthered my knowledge in this course what I found striking about how people learn is that there are several things that can motivate us to learn. As an instructional designer, I think it would be important for me to understand who my audience is and what motivates them to learn. I had never heard of the ARCS model and I think it is a good model to use when trying to understand students’ motivation. The ARCS model is a problem solving approach to designing the motivational aspects of learning environments to stimulate and sustain students’ motivation to learn (Bhat, 2011). The ARCS model consists of four steps for promoting and sustaining motivation in the learning process: Attention, Relevance, Confidence and Satisfaction. Knowing how the ARC model can be used will help me develop appropriate learning activities for students. As an instructor myself, I have always thought that developing learning activities had to go along with learning theories and learning styles but I never really looked into how motivation played a big part in learning.
I also understand that learning theories and learning styles are two different concepts but play a big role in the learning process. “The term “learning style” refers to an individual’s preferred method for approaching learning and gaining knowledge. As a workplace educator, it is important to have some understanding of different learning styles in order to afford students a variety of ways to learn and acquire information” (Kodesia, 2014). Learning theories provides a framework for understanding how our students learn. As I learned more about learning styles and theories, I was able to reflect on my own learning style and the theory that supported my learning. I also was able to understand that most people have several different learning styles and theories that support their learning process. In my own personal learning process, I learned that I was a visual, kinesthetic, and auditory learner. I think that I mainly learn by hands-on. I also found that the adult learning theory and connectivism described how I learn best. I can truly see that with the adult learning theory, that I am goal oriented, like to see the relevance in what I am learning and am driven by my own personal experiences.
What have you learned regarding the connection between learning theories, learning styles, educational technology, and motivation? I think what I have learned regarding the connection between these concepts is that learning theories provides the framework for instructors deciding how they choose to deliver instructional materials. Learning styles also help instructors develop the best teaching strategies based on the preferred method of learning for students. Educational technology is another way that allows instructors to deliver content and for students to enhance their learning. I think motivation has to be considered when developing learning materials. Instructors need to know what keeps their students engaged in the learning process. Learning theories, styles, motivation and drive are all key factors that determine the effectiveness of instruction (Ormond, 2009).
My learning in this course will help me as I further my career in the field of instructional design by allowing me to understand the learning process of students. I will need to understand that as an instructional designer, there is more to creating a learning environment than just developing activities. I will need to create a learning environment that supports students learning needs. Students will need an interactive learning environment that will keep them motivated and engaged in the learning process.
Bhat, A. (2011, February 10). Instructional design for beginners-what motivates people to learn? Retrieved June 28, 2015, from http://www.upsidelearning.com/blog/index.php/2011/02/10/instructional-design-for-beginners-what-motivates-people-to-learn/
Kodesia, S. (2014, August 14). Learning styles and learning theory. Retrieved from http://www.jcu.edu.au/wiledpack/modules/fsl/JCU_090463.html
Ormrod, J., Schunk, D., & Gredler, M. (2009). Learning theories and instruction (Laureate custom edition). New York